1. Yahweh Nissi (God Our Banner):

A. God is Our Battle Banner:

And so it was, when Moses held up his hand, that Israel prevailed; and when he let down his hand, Amalek prevailed. But Moses’ hands became heavy; so they took a stone and put it under him, and he sat on it. And Aaron and Hur supported his hands, one on one side, and the other on the other side; and his hands were steady until the going down of the sun. So Joshua defeated Amalek and his people with the edge of the sword.
Then the LORD said to Moses, “Write this for a memorial in the book and recount it in the hearing of Joshua, that I will utterly blot out the remembrance of Amalek from under heaven.” And Moses built an altar and called its name, The-LORD-Is-My-Banner; for he said, “Because the LORD has sworn: the LORD will have war with Amalek from generation to generation.”

Exodus 17:11
B. He Will Fight Our Battles For Us:

Again it is not saying that God is great in battle, it is saying that He will fight for us in our battles because He cares for us. This is what the meaning of salvation is -He will rescue us.

C. Victory is Through Praise and Worship:

Victory is when we have our hands held up in praise and worship- focusing on Him-not on the victory we are trying to achieve.

D. Victory is Found in Corporate Praise:

Moses had two people holding up his hands.

For where two or three are gathered together in My name, I am there in the midst of them.”

Matthew 18:20

2. Yahweh Shalom (God Our Peace):

A. In The Midst of Our Battle- There is Peace:

God told Gideon previously- that he is going to win the battle against the Midianites.  In the midst of meeting with God there is peace:

Now Gideon perceived that He was the Angel of the LORD. So Gideon said, “Alas, O Lord GOD! For I have seen the Angel of the LORD face to face.
Then the LORD said to him, “Peace be with you; do not fear, you shall not die.” So Gideon built an altar there to the LORD, and called it The-LORD-Is-(My) Peace.

Judges 6:22-24
B. We Can Know Perfect Peace:

Prophetically speaking, God is saying that we can know perfect peace when we meet with His glory. Some people think that we need to be ‘reverent’ when we come to God. As we find out more about the Father we will see that sometimes our idea of reverent is religious, more-so than truth.

C. Jesus is Called the Prince of Peace:

For unto us a Child is born,
Unto us a Son is given;
And the government will be upon His shoulder.
And His name will be called
Wonderful, Counselor, Mighty God,

Isaiah 9:6
D. God of Peace:

Again we see that it is to do with the battles of life.

And the God of peace will crush Satan under your feet shortly.
The grace of our Lord Jesus Christ be with you. Amen.

Romans 16:20

3. Yahweh Tsidkenu (God , Our Righteousness):

A. Jesus Our Righteousness:

Yahweh Tsidkenu is prophetically talking about the coming of Jesus who will be our righteousness:

‘In those days and at that time
I will cause to grow up to David
A Branch of righteousness;
He shall execute judgment and righteousness in the earth.
In those days Judah will be saved,

And Jerusalem will dwell safely.
And this is the name by which she will be called:

Jeremiah 33:15
B. Yahweh Our Righteousness:

This is part of the New Covenant due to the context:

But this is the covenant that I will make with the house of Israel after those days, says the LORD: I will put My law in their minds, and write it on their hearts; and I will be their God, and they shall be My people. No more shall every man teach his neighbor, and every man his brother, saying, ‘Know the LORD,’ for they all shall know Me, from the least of them to the greatest of them, says the LORD. For I will forgive their iniquity, and their sin I will remember no more.” 

Jeremiah 31:33-34
C. We are the Righteousness of God:

Through the New Covenant we BECOME the righteousness of God:

For He made Him who knew no sin to be sin for us, that we might become the righteousness of God in Him.

2 Corinthians 5:21


4. Yahweh Rohi (God Our Shepherd)

A. God the Old Testament Shepherd

The Old Testament refers to God shepherding us, so we do not lack and we find food, rest, water and leading:

The LORD is my shepherd;
I shall not want.
He makes me to lie down in green pastures;
He leads me beside the still waters.
He restores my soul;
He leads me in the paths of righteousness
For His name’s sake.

Psalms 23:1


5. Yahweh M’kadesh (God, Our Holiness):

A. Not describing His Holiness, Saying He is the source of His holiness

Some think that this is all about how Holy God is, and that His holiness produces a gap between man and God. But that is not what He is saying. Remember that the descriptor is not about God, but about the people He has covenanted with. It is to do with the holiness of those who are part of the New Covenant:

“Speak also to the children of Israel, saying: ‘Surely My Sabbaths you shall keep, for it is a sign between Me and you throughout your generations, that you may know that I am the LORD who sanctifies you.

Exodus 31:13
B. He makes you holy

This scripture says that He is the one who sanctifies us (makes us holy). It is not about God’s holiness, but about God being the source of our holiness.


6. Summary:

A. Nature of God 101:
  • He is the Pre-Existing One.
  • He wants sons and daughters.
  • He lives inside of His creation (but can choose to live outside of creation).
  • He lives inside of time (but can choose to live outside of time).
  • He is relational with man.
  • He is covenant-keeping.
  • He can change His mind.
B. Nature of God 102:
  • His Old Testament primary name is Yahweh (we will see that this is no longer His primary name later on).
  • All descriptors (eg Rapha) are related to us, not God.
  • He is our provider (Yahweh Jireh).
  • He is our healer (Yahweh Rapha).
C. Nature of God 103:
  • He is our Battle Banner (Yahweh Nissi).
  • He is our Peace (Yahweh Shalom).
  • He is our Righteousness (Yahweh Tsidkenu).
  • He is our Shepherd (Yahweh Rohi).
  • He is our sanctification (Yahweh M’kadesh).