1. Introduction:

It is very easy to assume that we understand everything we need to know about our foundations.
What you will find in this teaching will probably shake those foundations. This is the start of the reformation that comes through an understanding of God’s love and desire to have children who are holy and blameless through His Son Jesus Christ.

Just as He chose us in Him before the foundation of the world, that we should be holy and without blame before Him in love, having predestined us to adoption as sons by Jesus Christ to Himself, according to the good pleasure of His will

Ephesians 1:4-5

This teaching and law 101 refers to us before we accept Christ. This message and Law 101 do not apply to us as believers because we are dead to sin and alive to Christ.

God knew if He made man in His image that they would therefore have free-will. God was not caught unawares of man’s sin, in fact Jesus had already decided to die for mankind before He sinned:

All who dwell on the earth will worship him, whose names have not been written in the Book of Life of the Lamb slain from the foundation of the world.

Revelation 13:8

2. The Definition of Sin:

The Greek word for sin is hamartia, which means ‘falling short of the mark’. It is interesting that this word was used 100 years before Christ in storytelling where the hero of the story has some fatal flaw in their character, not unlike today’s movies or TV shows.

3. The Effect of Sin:

The effect of sin is a lack of growing in the glory of God or even a loss of glory.

for all have sinned and fall short of the glory of God,

Romans 3:23

We see this in David’s life when he committed adultery then murdered Uriah. He was still loved of God, didn’t lose his gift and calling, but the glory around his life dropped substantially.

His son died, his kingdom was taken from him for a period of time, and he never went into battle again.

4. The End Result of Sin:

The END result of sin is always death.

For the wages of sin is death, but the gift of God is eternal life in Christ Jesus our Lord.

Romans 6:23

Then, when desire has conceived, it gives birth to sin; and sin, when it is full-grown, brings forth death.

James 1:15

Shame, guilt, hopelessness, anxiety, fear, broken relationships, sickness, poverty, judgement, curses, condemnation are all examples of the wages of sin.

5. Adam and Eve sinned:

They fell short of the mark by doing something God had expressly given them a choice.

And the LORD God commanded the man, saying, “Of every tree of the garden you may freely eat;

Genesis 2:16

So when the woman saw that the tree was good for food, that it was pleasant to the eyes, and a tree desirable to make one wise, she took of its fruit and ate. She also gave to her husband with her, and he ate.

Genesis 3:6

6. Adam and Eve Knew What was Good and What was Evil:

Then the eyes of both of them were opened, and they knew that they were naked; and they sewed fig leaves together and made themselves coverings.

Genesis 3:7

Knowing this meant that they knew that God was good, and what they had DONE was evil. This brought shame into their lives and they felt guilty.

7. Sin Entered the World:

Therefore, just as through one man sin entered the world, and death through sin, and thus death spread to all men, because all sinned—

Romans 5:12

Sin entered the WORLD (Gk Cosmos), it does not say sin enter MAN. It says death spread to all men because all men SINNED. It is essential to understand that sin is not passed down from generation to generation because of Adam and Eve’s sin. This would mean that God is not just and would mean that babies lost in the womb would not have the
opportunity to have eternal life.

We can see this clearly in the first generation off-spring of Adam and Eve – the story of Cain and Abel:

So the LORD said to Cain, “Why are you angry? And why has your countenance fallen? If you do well, will you not be accepted? And if you do not do well, sin lies at the door. And its desire is for you, but you should rule over it.”

Gen 4:6-7

Do you notice that sin is at the door? God does not say sin is inside of you Cain, sin is outside of you, in the world, that wants to try and make you sin. It is a force, not just an act.


8. The Incorrect Theology of Original Sin:

It is necessary to challenge this doctrine as it goes against the character of God who IS love.
The wrong idea of original sin, where SIN is passed from generation to generation did not enter the early church theology until Augustine around 400AD. Augustine got this from Plato who was a Greek philosopher from the time before Christ.
There is a scripture that, if read casually, appears to say that we are all conceived in sin:

Behold, I was brought forth in iniquity,
And in sin my mother conceived me.

Psalms 51:5

The use of the word IN is an adverb for qualifying the verb not the object. So it points to the sin of David’s mother. In other words, David’s mother during an act of sexual immorality sins and conceives David. Let’s use a different word than sin, let’s use the word joy. IN joy means David’s mother experienced joy when David was conceived. This would mean that the joy or shame points to the experience of the mother. Many theologians have made an assumption that the sin being talked about is David’s sin.
According to Hebrew scholars, David was probably born out of an adulterous act, and hence the reason why he was not thought of at the time of his anointing. It is of note that against Hebrew tradition there is only reference to his father, not his mother – because of harlotry. That is the reason why he had the lowest position of being a shepherd boy where
he would not receive any education.
David uses the word yaham which is used for an animal in heat, in other words an act of unrestrained lust, also supports the theory. As the Hebrew scholar Dr Robert Alter put it in his excellent translation,’:

“but there is not much here to support the idea [of original sin] that this is the case for every human being.”

‘The Hebrew Bible: A Translation with Commentary” by Dr Robert Alter

9. Three Types of Sin:

There are three types of sin mentioned in this verse:

I acknowledged my sin to You,
And my iniquity I have not hidden.
I said, “I will confess my transgressions to the LORD,”
And You forgave the iniquity of my sin.

Psalms 32:5

A. Sin is missing the mark

B. Transgression is also sin, but more serious in that it means a deliberate crossing of the boundary or intentionally disobeying a known rule.

C. Iniquity is even worse. It literally means bend, twist or distort. Iniquity is sin but it leaves a lasting, corrupting impact of sin upon the soul of an individual. Serious iniquity MAY be called wickedness. For example someone who gets drunk commits a sin. Someone who gets drunk
and then drives has committed a transgression. But a person who repeatedly gets intoxicated develops an addiction. That lifestyle will produce an openness to sin in the next generation. Only iniquities go from generation to generation.
The CONSEQUENCES of sin can be passed from generation to generations – curses, sickness, generational depression, poverty, etc.

10. We All Sin! Christian and non-Christian alike (except Jesus):

for all have sinned and fall short of the glory of God,

Romans 3:23

If we say that we have no sin, we deceive ourselves, and the truth is not in us.

1 John 1:8

11. Slaves to Sin:

Before we become a believer in Jesus, we are slaves to sin. This is because sin is in the world, therefore we don’t have the grace to overcome sin.

For when you were slaves of sin, you were free in regard to righteousness.

Romans 6:20

12. Death Reigned From Adam To Moses:

Sin brought death and therefore death reigned until Moses.

Nevertheless death reigned from Adam to Moses, even over those who had not sinned according to the likeness of the transgression of Adam, who is a type of Him who was to come.

Romans 5:14

13. Sin brought Judgment and Condemnation:

Therefore, as through one man’s offense judgment came to all men, resulting in condemnation, even so through one Man’s righteous act the free gift came to all men, resulting in justification of life.

Romans 5:18

14. God’s Judgement Is Fair Because Man Judges Others:

Therefore you are inexcusable, O man, whoever you are who judge, for in whatever you judge another you condemn yourself; for you who judge practice the same things.
But we know that the judgment of God is according to truth against those who practice such things.

Romans 2:1

Sin cannot be resisted by the unbeliever. It is not just an action, it is an outward force. The result is that they become sinners.

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