Passover, Pentecost and the Day of Atonement are Feasts to be followed to obey the law. When Jesus Christ died and rose again He fulfilled all the requirements of the Old Testament law concerning the feasts. To understand this, it is essential to first read Sabbath Rest.
Also, for those undertaking theological training, it is a requirement to read all three of these subjects.
2. Jesus Fulfils the Passover Lamb
A. The Passover was a Shadow of Jesus’ Victory Over Sin and Death by His Blood
Now the blood shall be a sign for you on the houses where you are. And when I see the blood, I will pass over you; and the plague shall not be on you to destroy you when I strike the land of Egypt.Exodus 12:13
The sting of death is sin, and the strength of sin is the law.1 Corinthians 15:56
B. Jesus, The Passover Lamb of God
Before God made the foundation of the world, He had planned for Jesus is to be the perfect sacrifice to end all sacrifices.
So when God made man in His image, He gave him free will. and therefore it was no surprise to God that man would sin.
All who dwell on the earth will worship him, whose names have not been written in the Book of Life of the Lamb slain from the foundation of the world.Revelation 13:8
C. Jesus Takes Away the Sin of the World
The next day John saw Jesus coming toward him, and said, “Behold! The Lamb of God who takes away the sin of the world!John 1:29
D. The death of Jesus at the Ninth Hour.
The death of Jesus on the cross, and the death of the Passover lamb in the temple courts, happened at the same time.
And about the ninth hour Jesus cried out with a loud voice, saying, “Eli, Eli, lama sabachthani?” that is, “My God, My God, why have You forsaken Me?”Matthew 27:46
And Jesus cried out again with a loud voice, and yielded up His spirit.Matthew 27:50
E. The Tearing of the Veil.
The tearing of the veil separating the Holy place and the Most Holy place happened at the same time as the death of the Passover Lamb
Then, behold, the veil of the temple was torn in two from top to bottom; and the earth quaked, and the rocks were split,Matthew 27:51
F. The Holy of Holies
Can you imagine how terrifying the tearing of the veil must have been to the High Priest, and perplexing to those who were watching. Only the High Priest could go into the Holy of Holies once a year on the Day of Atonement, nobody else could go in. If he went in unworthily (none of the others watching would be worthy according to the law) then they would instantly die. A Jewish tradition was to tie a rope around the leg of the High Priest in case the Lord struck him dead as he performed his duty in the Holy of Holies. Then the priests who were waiting in the Holy Place, could drag him out without having to go behind the veil, where they would face instant death.
G. False Teaching on The Passover Lamb.
Futurists say that during the Millennium, as Jesus reigns from Jerusalem, the rebuilding of the Temple and the re-establishment of all the Jewish Feasts will take place. The Passover Lamb sacrifice will also take place each year.
I cannot over-estimate how much of an abomination this is in the sight of God. Jesus died as the Passover Lamb and so if we slay the Passover lamb again, we are literally making the crucifixion of no effect and putting Christ to shame.
For it is impossible for those who were once enlightened, and have tasted the heavenly gift, and have become partakers of the Holy Spirit, and have tasted the good word of God and the powers of the age to come, if they fall away, to renew them again to repentance, since they crucify again for themselves the Son of God, and put Him to an open shame.Hebrews 6:4-6
3. Jesus fulfils the Day of Atonement
A. Day of Atonement
For on that day the priest shall make atonement for you, to cleanse you, that you may be clean from all your sins before the LORD.Leviticus 16:30
B. Jesus is the Atoning Sacrificial Lamb
Jesus is the one who atones for our sins by His death as the sacrificial lamb
And Aaron shall make atonement upon its horns once a year with the blood of the sin offering of atonement; once a year he shall make atonement upon it throughout your generations. It is most holy to the LORD.”Exodus 30:10
For the bodies of those animals, whose blood is brought into the sanctuary by the high priest for sin, are burned outside the camp. Therefore Jesus also, that He might sanctify the people with His own blood, suffered outside the gate.Hebrews 13:11-12
C. Jesus Bore Our Iniquities
But the goat on which the lot fell to be the scapegoat shall be presented alive before the LORD, to make atonement upon it, and to let it go as the scapegoat into the wilderness.Leviticus 16:10
But He was wounded for our transgressions,Isaiah 53:5
He was bruised for our iniquities;
The chastisement for our peace was upon Him,
And by His stripes we are healed.
who Himself bore our sins in His own body on the tree, that we, having died to sins, might live for righteousness—by whose stripes you were healed.1 Peter 2:24
D. Jesus the High Priest
Jesus took his own blood (as the blood of the lamb) to sprinkle the heavenlies, which would institute the New Covenant that brings forgiveness of sins and relationship with the Father.
Therefore it was necessary that the copies of the things in the heavens should be purified with these, but the heavenly things themselves with better sacrifices than these. For Christ has not entered the holy places made with hands, which are copies of the true, but into heaven itself, now to appear in the presence of God for us; not that He should offer Himself often, as the high priest enters the Most Holy Place every year with blood of another— He then would have had to suffer often since the foundation of the world; but now, once at the end of the ages, He has appeared to put away sin by the sacrifice of Himself.Hebrews 9:23-26
4. Jesus Fulfilled the Feast of Weeks with the Outpouring of the Holy Spirit on the day of Pentecost.
A. Pentecost was 50 days after the Passover.
(Seven Sabbaths after the 2nd day of Passover)
B. The Feast of Weeks
‘And you shall count for yourselves from the day after the (Passover) Sabbath, from the day that you brought the sheaf of the wave offering: seven Sabbaths shall be completed.Leviticus 23:15
C. Jesus Sent Holy Spirit so He Could Help Believers in Jesus
At Pentecost, Jesus sent the Holy Spirit. This enabled people to be filled with Holy Spirit and be baptized in Holy Spirit.
Nevertheless I tell you the truth. It is to your advantage that I go away; for if I do not go away, the Helper will not come to you; but if I depart, I will send Him to you.John 16:7
D. The Father Promised to Send Holy Spirit
Behold, I send the Promise of My Father upon you; but tarry in the city of Jerusalem until you are endued with power from on high.”Luke 24:49
E. Holy Spirit Poured out at Pentecost on All Who Want to Receive
‘And it shall come to pass in the last days, says God,Acts 2:17
That I will pour out of My Spirit on all flesh;
Your sons and your daughters shall prophesy,
Your young men shall see visions,
And Your old men shall dream dreams.
In the Greek the word ‘all’ is not present. So He comes upon sons and daughters, whomsoever receives Jesus:
But as many as received Him, to them He gave the right to become children of God, to those who believe in His name:John 1:12
F. The Spirit of Grace
We saw in Believers’ Victory Over Sin that sin no longer reigns, but now grace reigns. And it is this Spirit of grace that has appeared to all men
For the grace of God that brings salvation has appeared to all men,Titus 2:11
5. Summary of Passover, Pentecost and the Day of Atonement
- Jesus is the Passover lamb slain before the foundation of the World
- Jesus is the atoning offerings AND the High Priest of atonement day.
- When the veil was torn in two, it was a sign that the law was now dead. If the law was still alive, all the people present would have been immediately killed by the wrath of God.
- When Jesus’ death and resurrection brought the Holy Spirit, a new dispensation of grace appeared to all men. Sin died and no longer reigned through the law, instead grace now reigns in those who believe.
- At Pentecost, Jesus sent the promise of there Holy Spirit, and thus fulfilled this feast.
- It is unnecessary to celebrate the feasts, as the feasts are part of the law, and the law died with Jesus on the cross.
© Use by Permission Awakening Impact Ministries / Dr Neville van Eerten 2021